Immigrants crowded into the cities, which grew upward and outward. These areas have less social cohesion, and therefore less social control. And what obligations did wealth bring? Popular entertainers such as silent film star Charlie Chaplin and magician Harry Houdini made names for themselves on the vaudeville circuit.
Chicago embodied the triumph of American industrialization. Economic effect[ edit ] As cities develop, effects can include a dramatic increase and change in costs, often pricing the local working class out of the market, including such functionaries as employees of the local municipalities.
Despite all this growth, the degree of urbanization still varies around the world see Figure Injournalist William Riordon published a book, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, which chronicled the activities of ward heeler George Washington Plunkitt.
Water, sewer, and gas lines; schools, hospitals, civic buildings, and museums; police and fire departments; roads, parks notably Central Parkand bridges notably the Brooklyn Bridge: While cities boomed, rural worlds languished.
Discrimination in employment and housing and the legal segregation of public and private life reflected the rise of a new Jim Crow South. Chicago became the Gateway City, a crossroads connecting American agricultural goods, capital markets in New York and London, and consumers from all corners of the United States.
The influx of immigrants, alongside a large movement of Americans from the countryside to the city, helped propel the rapid growth of cities like New York, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Milwaukee, and St. History I Chapter 5 Section Liberty Hyde Bailey, a botanist and rural scholar selected by Theodore Roosevelt to chair a federal Commission on Country Life inbelieved that rural places and industrial cities were linked: Marriage laws regulated against interracial couples, and white men, ever anxious of relationships between black men and white women, passed miscegenation laws and justified lynching as an appropriate extralegal tool to police the racial divide.
They sliced off pieces of his body as he screamed in agony. Between andranchers drove a million head of cattle annually overland from Texas ranches to railroad depots in Kansas for shipment by rail to Chicago. Recent developments, such as inner-city redevelopment schemes, mean that new arrivals in cities no longer necessarily settle in the centre.
Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of prominent southerners openly supported lynching, arguing that it was a necessary evil to punish black rapists and deter others. Researchers suggest that this difference in hazard ratios is due to the higher levels of air pollution and exposure to environmental allergens found in urban areas.
Think tanks such as the Overseas Development Institute have proposed policies that encourage labor-intensive growth as a means of absorbing the influx of low-skilled and unskilled labor.
Consumers lost themselves in new goods and new technologies. Marker Felt Arial Avenir Office Its meatpacking industry typified the sweeping changes occurring in American life. Landscape planners are responsible for landscape infrastructure public parkssustainable urban drainage systemsgreenways etc.
In this regard, the United Nations Population Fund urges particular attention to housing: Many wage earners had traditionally seen factory work as a temporary stepping-stone to attaining their own small businesses or farms.Immigration and Urbanization ().
The New Immigrants. Poor Catholic or Jewish immigrants often moved to urban areas. ’s and ’s consisted of Northern/Western immigrants. This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation; Transcript of Chapter Immigration and Urbanization Immigration and Urbanization () Social and Cultural Changes More people began to work for wages rather than for themselves on farms.
Life in Industrial America. the meatpacking industry was closely tied to urbanization and immigration. InChicago had a population of about thirty thousand. Twenty years later, it had three hundred thousand. of course, would not occur without conflict or consequence (see Chapter 16), but they demonstrated the profound.
One of the most significant changes over the centuries has been urbanization, or the shift from rural areas to large killarney10mile.comzation has had important consequences for many aspects of social, political, and economic life (Kleniewski & Thomas, ).Download