The topography is generally rolling, although the Appalachian Mountains include some relatively steep slopes. The Navajo and the many Apache groups usually engaged in some combination of agriculture, foraging, and the raiding of other groups.
The specific number of culture areas delineated for Native America has been somewhat variable because regions are sometimes subdivided or conjoined. Each hamlet was home to an extended family and typically included a few houses and auxiliary structures such as granaries and summer kitchens; these were surrounded by agricultural plots or fields.
Some of the horses escaped and began to breed and increase their numbers in the wild. A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. The New England Confederation was organized as early as Towns often included large earthen mounds on which religious structures and the homes of the ruling American treatment of the indian tribes or families were placed.
Native American cultures are not normally included in characterizations of advanced stone age cultures as " Neolithic ," which is a category that more often includes only the cultures in Eurasia, Africa, and other regions. Plateau fishing villages were characterized by their multifamily A-frame dwellings, while smaller conical structures were used in the uplands; both house forms were covered with grass, although canvas became a popular covering once available.
Best known among the agriculturists are the Pueblo Indiansincluding the Zuni and Hopi. Following the analysis activities for each artifact is a performance task which requires students to synthesize all the information they learned and form their own opinion of it.
The government saw the Native Americans as a problem but did not know how to deal with them, even after trying several approaches.
The climate is of the continental type, with warm summers and cold winters.
See also Northeast Indian. These alliances were often very complex political organizations and generally took their name from the most powerful member tribe, as with the Iroquois Confederacy. Distribution of North American Plateau Indians.
The Arctic This region lies near and above the Arctic Circle and includes the northernmost parts of present-day Alaska and Canada. Distribution of Northeast Indians.
The Indians presented a reverse image of European civilization which helped America establish a national identity that was neither savage nor civilized. In most cases the Indians were driven off the land by white settlers looking for gold or rich farmlands.
For the next 80 to years, smallpox and other diseases devastated native populations in the region. There is also extensive coastline and an abundance of rivers and lakes.
Other tribes have stories that recount migrations across long tracts of land and a great river, believed to be the Mississippi River. They were often disappointed when such treaties were later overturned.
The British had made fewer allies, but it was joined by some tribes that wanted to prove assimilation and loyalty in support of treaties to preserve their territories. Tree-lined river valleys form a series of linear oases throughout the region. Their gift-giving feast, potlatchis a highly complex event where people gather in order to commemorate special events.
The most famous artistic feature of the culture is the Totem pole, with carvings of animals and other characters to commemorate cultural beliefs, legends, and notable events.
The climate is temperate, although milder than the adjacent Plains because the surrounding mountain systems provide protection from continental air masses. The Sun Dancea ritual that demanded a high degree of piety and self-sacrifice from its participants, was also found throughout most of the Plains.
The Iroquois invaded and attacked tribes in the Ohio River area of present-day Kentucky and claimed the hunting grounds. Dobyns published studies estimating the original population to have been 10 to 12 million.The National Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, or NAGPRA, is a federal law passed in that provides a process by which museums and federal agencies return certain Native American cultural items to lineal descendants, culturally affiliated Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian organizations.
The ways of dealing with the Indian "problem" have been numerous and varied, but the programs succeeded in tearing the Native American away from the land--land that the Native American held sacred. Whether they be Tainos or Aztecs or Cherokees or any one of many other tribes, they have all been betrayed in one way or another by the white man.
List of Native American Tribes in the United States with links to articles and information. The Northwest Indian War was led by Native American tribes trying to repulse American settlers.
The United States initially treated the Native Americans who had fought as allies with the British as a conquered people who had lost their lands.
U.S.-Native American Policies in the last half of the 19 th century usually get watered down to only the Plains Indian Wars, Custer’s Last Stand, and Geronimo.
History textbooks and classes highlight only these policies because they show the United States’ great strength and will-power. Jan 18, · Indian agents—white men appointed by Congress to liaise with the tribes—would report to their supervisors on the degree to which Cherokee slaveholders were fulfilling the expectations of white.Download