How to write an abstract for chemistry

Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article. It gives an overview of what happened in the lab and tries to persuade the reader to read the full-text version of the lab report. Details that should be included are the structure and name of both the reactants and the products, the temperature of the experiment, and solvent used.

The compound was taken from a list of twenty, known organic acids, each with different melting points. There are two different types of abstracts: Lab Reports There are six main sections in a chemistry paper: As with most disciplines, the introduction should include your background knowledge of the experiment, including theory and past research, the relevance of your research, and the thesis statement.

Students will be required to write informative abstracts as part of a post-lab assignment for some experiments.

In most cases, one to three sentences should be sufficient for describing the methods. Richard Threlfall, Managing Editor, Asian Journal of Organic Chemistrygives some insider tips on how to improve each section of your article and increase your chances of getting published.

Remember to include key statistics and facts essential to the lab. An experimental melting point was determined for the unknown compound using a Fisher-Johns melting point apparatus.

Ultimately, the introduction should explain how the experimental approach you chose allows you to find the numerical or qualitative results you are looking for.

Captions are placed below the figure. The final product should be included first at the beginning of the paragraph in bold if it is known. Have a look at some articles in a newspaper.

The authors name and the place where the work was done are included. Other things to include are any flaws in the experimental process that could have affected the data, how the experimental process could be improved, and possible future experiments that could be conducted to further your data.

All values should be interpreted to determine the implications in terms of your stated hypothesis. Ideally, the abstract can be thought of as one or two sentences from each section of the paper that form a cohesive paragraph that summarizes the entire paper.

For example, "Khmelnitksy, et al. This section may be combined with the discussion section; that is, the last paragraph of the discussion section may act as a conclusion.

Informative abstracts are used in scientific writing to concisely identify what the longer document is about. If a table or figure is included in the report, it must be specifically referenced in the text as at the end of this sentence Table 1.

That is, the text must include all of the important information given in the graphs and tables, but in written form. What is the specific purpose of the experiment? Your abstract needs to be able to stand independent of your lab report.

An informative abstract for a laboratory experiment contains the following elements: Be certain to include enough information so that the reader could repeat the experiment and obtain similar results within the limits of uncertainty.

The purpose of the introduction in a chemical journal is to provide 1 a literature review of what has been published on the subject to justify the importance of your research, 2 an explanation of any unusual experimental approaches, and 3 any background information or explanations that will help the reader understand your experiment and your results.

Ideally, it should be stated in the first or second sentence. Why was the experiment performed? It should not exceed two hundred words and should explain, in a concise manner, the purpose of the experiment, how the experiment was conducted, and the results gained.

Abstract Imagine you have twenty seconds to explain the project you have been working on for months or years to another scientist who is not familiar with your area of research.

Results and Discussion - The result and discussion sections are usually combined together within the lab report. On-line search engines of the scientific literature such as MEDLINE provide abstracts of journal articles and reviews to help the reader determine if the full scientific paper is relevant to his or her interests.

This value most closely correlated with the literature melting point of p-anisic acid, one of the possible twenty compounds on the list.

How to Write an Abstract for a Lab Report

Informative abstracts are used most extensively in clinical and scientific publications. References Texts, journals or other published resources that were used to conduct the experiment should be cited as a separate paragraph.

Revise and edit final draft. Journals insert your figures and tables according to their page format. In addition, you should include evidence in the form of figures, graphs, and tables to support your argument. What were the results? References - Include all references used for literature values of specific compounds, etc.Basic Format of a Chemistry Lab Report (printable version here) Abstract - The abstract is a brief summation of the experiement.

It should not exceed two hundred words and should explain, in a concise manner, the purpose of the experiment, how the experiment was conducted, and the results gained. An abstract is written after the laboratory experiment and the full write-up of the work are complete. Students will be required to write informative abstracts as part of a post-lab assignment for some experiments.

When writing an abstract, you should avoid too much experimental detail (e.g. concentration of stock solutions used) or preliminary results (i.e.

Chemistry Writing Guide

"raw" data). In addition, make certain that the purpose of the experiment is stated clearly and early in the abstract. Write the paper before writing the abstract. You might be tempted to start with the abstract since it comes between the title page and the paper, but it's much easier to summarize a paper or report after it has been completed.

Write in third person. An abstract is a short summary of a longer report composed after the lab report is written. Abstracts are meant for others to read. It gives an overview of what happened in the lab and tries to persuade the reader to read the full-text version of the lab report.

2. ABSTRACT. The abstract should be able to “stand alone.” This means that someone should be able to read only your abstract and understand the basic nature of your report.

For this reason, a good abstract clearly identifies the purpose of the experiment and the important results.

Tips for Writing Better Science Papers: Abstract (3)

Repeat: a good abstract contains a summary of your results.

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How to write an abstract for chemistry
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